In a list with multiple occurrences, the VLOOKUP() function in Excel will only return the first occurrence of the string being searched.
Depending upon the version of MS Excel which you are using, there could be two ways to solve this problem
Solution for MS Excel 2010 and higher versions
If you are using the Power Query add-in, then a few simple steps (no formulas at all) can solve this problem. The result will be dynamic and refreshable (just as in a Pivot Table)
You may watch a short video of my solution here
Solution for all versions of MS Excel
While this solution works for all versions of MS Excel, it uses an array formula (Ctrl+Shift+Enter). Array formulas, if used extensively in the workbook, adversely effect the system’s performance.
I have presented three cases in the this workbook.
You may refer to my explanation of the array formula here.